Whose reigning title was Phra
Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua
, was second son of
. He was born at Bangkok on January
1, 1881. Following the death of his elder half-brother,
Crown Prince Maha Vajirunhis
, in 1895, he was
appointed Crown Prince. He was educated in England
and his great love of literature
and poetry in both Thai and English together with
his scholastic abilities was later to manifest itseft
during his reign. Among his lasting achievements were
devising a system of transliteration of Thai into
English and of translating the entire works of Shakespeare
into Thai . His passion for traditional Thai theater
and ballet has left a mass of published scores which
form the basis of the study of these arts
to the present day. King Vajiravudh's coronation in
on December 2, 1911 was an occasion of much splendor.
Among those present at the ceremonies were members
of the royal families of Great Britain, Denmark, Sweden,
Russia and Japan (the largest gathering of European
royalty on the Asian Continent either before or since).
The Russian imperial jewelers, Messrs. Carl Faberge,
set up a temporary shop within the hallowed portals
of the Oriental Hotel to coincide with the festivities.
In 1916 King Vajiravudh declared war on Germany and
Thai troops fought with the Allies during the latter
part of World War I. He died in Bangkok on November
26, 1925 at the early age of 44.