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 Home > About Thailand > Manufacturing > Government Agency

Government Agencies:

| Industrial Estates | Industrial Standardization |

The Invesment Promotion Drive
To promote investment in Thailand, in addition to BOI, the government has set up several specialized agencies and institutions to help with the physical implementation of industrial projects.

Industrial Estates

To cope with the problems of major cities and to fulfill regional development objectives. The Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT) was established in 1979 as a state enterprise. The government aimed to accelerate industrialization and urban development planning through implementation of well-equipped industrial locations as a way to help solving the problems of urban deterioration.

Industrial estates provide a wide range of public utilities and facilities such as roads, sewers, central waste-water treatment plants, electricity, and telecommunications together with necessary services such as post and telegraph offices, banks, residences, and oil service stations. There are two categories of industrial estates: a General Industrial Zone (GIZ), intended for industries of other business beneficial or related to industries, and an Export Processing Zone (EPZ), designated for export manufacturing industries.

Firms located in an EPZ are exempt from import duties on machinery, equipment, inputs needed for the manufacture of exports, and export duties Custom officials are stationed at the EPZ to monitor the imported raw materials and exported finished goods, and firms in the EPZ do not have to put up any form of guarantee.

Industrial estates were initially the almost exclusives domain of the Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand, but now the private sector and joint-ventures with the IEAT can establish industrial estates. There are now more than three dozen industrial estates in all regions of Thailand, and more are under construction. The vast majority of these industrial estates have received promotional privileges from the Board of Investment and must comply with strict standards with regard to factory facilities and utilities. So, investors seeking factory facilities are faced with a growing number of choices.

The Eastern Seaboard Development Programme, which was launched in 1981, has the aim of promoting industrial development and decentralizing the economy. This project is comprised of two principal locations, Map Ta Phut, and Laem Chabang.

Map Ta Phut, a designated industrial zone with an area of 6,000 rai, located about 200 km. southeast of Bangkok has become the centre of a fully-integrated petrochemical complex based on a supply of natural gas from the Gulf of Thailand. The zone will also have a deep-sea port and serve as an industrial estate for capital and technology-intensive concerns and all are in occupied.

Laem Chabang, located in Chon Buri Province with an area of 3,556 rai, 155 km. southeast of Bangkok and about 15 km. north of the resort town of Pattaya, will have a deep-sea port, a general industrial zone and an EPZ, as well as commercial areas. Industries set up here will be principally light, labour-intensive, and non-polluting. The land is still available for rent in EPZ only.

Industrial Standardization

Standardization is an essential tool for the development of the economy and industry of the country. Realizing the importance of standardization, the Ministry of Industry promulgated the Industrial Product Standards Act in 1968 which established the Thai Industrial Standards Institute (TISI) as the national standards body responsible for standardization activities in Thailand. The objectives of TISI are to increase the reliability and the popularity of the local products, to provide a basic of fair trade and fair practice environment, to eliminate barriers to trade, to guarantee the safety and protection of the people and public property, and to save resources and cost in production while keeping pace with the development of industry.

The Institute, in its capacity as the national standards body, represents Thailand as member of various international organizations (both regional and global) to participate in the formulation of opinions and rulings on issues that may affect the country's economy.

In 1991, the Institute announced the adoption of TIS/ISO 9000 series as National Standard for Quality Systems. This is, in every aspect, similar to the international ISO 9000 series established by the International Organization for Standardization and to the European Standards EN 29000. With this world class standard, the industry of Thailand will become more competitive in the international market.

The Institute has formulated many standardization issues concerning environmental protection and the enhancement of the quality of life. It has also overseen the promulgation of a Royal Decree requiring many products to conform to standards. To enforce this law, the Institute works in close cooperation with other government bodies. The industrial standards of Thailand have now achieved international acceptance.


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