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 Home > About Thailand > Economy > Forestry



A 1993 satellite photo survey showed that forest areas in Thailand had diminished to only 13.35 million hectares of about 26 percent of the country's total land area. Thus, during 1973-1993 deforestation had claimed about 8.8 million hectares. Most of the devasted forest areas are located in the Northeast, the North, the upper part of the Central Plains and the West; where there was extensive slash-and- burn agricultural practive by villagers and illegal log poaching.

In view of the depletion of forest resources and the government's restrictions on cutting, the growth rate of forestry output declined from an annual average of 2.61 percent during the Second Five-Year Plan (1967-1971) to 0.25 percent during the Fifth Five-Year Plan (1982 -1986). The Royal Forest Department undertook various reforestation projects in various areas of 607,492 hectares in 1980, 648,512 hectares in 1987 and about 1,000,000 hectares in 1993.




Thailand's fishing industry is dependent on marine catches. Fish from natural fresh waters, commercial fish farms, and irrigated paddy fields account for less than 10 percent of the total catch. The remainder comes from the sea.

During the fifth Five-Year Plan (1982-1986) fishery output increased by an annual average of 2.45 percent as compared with the 4.49 percent per year during the Fourth Plan (1977-1981), 3.4 percent per year during the Third Plan (1972-1976), and 18.6 percent per year during the second Plan (1976-1971). Depletion of marine resources during the Sixth Five-Year Plan (1987-1991) reduced fishery output so much that the government is effectively enforcing regulated fishing to ensure sustainable yields for both present and future generations. An alternative which the government has undertaken to encourage the production of fish helps to expand freshwater fish farms to offset declining marine catches. Towards this end, about 45 freshwater fishery stations have been set up.

To overcome the effect of 200-mile economic zone, the government has promoted private joint fishing ventures with foreign countries aimed at alleviating the problem of limited fishing sources, in addition to private joint ventures in the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Australia, India, Vietnam, Cambodia and Myanmar. further expansion of such joint ventures holds bright prospect.




The mining industry in Thailand is dominated by tin. However, with later developments, the output of other minerals such as fluorite, gypsum and lignite has become more prominent. In addition, significant increases in the output of a number of other minerals such as iron, antimony, manganese and lead have been achieved. During the Third Five-Year Plan (1972-1976), new mineral deposits were found and output expanded to include tungsten (wolfram and scheelite), barite and zinc. The value of zinc production rose from 377.4 million baht in 1984 to 1974 million baht in 1993. Mineral output in Thailand to a significant extent depends on foreign demand as domestic consumption remains low.

During the past decade, the mining sector expanded slowly. Its share in the total Gross Domestic Product remained fairely stable at about 2.5 percent.

If you want to read some interesting topics, select the following information :

                        Bounty of the Land and 
                        Sea | Sector Performance 
                        | The Agriculture and 
                        Mining Sectors | Major 
                        Crops | Livestock 
                        | Forestry | Fisheries 
                        | Mining | The 
                        Manufacturing Sector | Tourism 
                        | The Organized Financial 
                        Market | The Bank 
                        of Thailand | Other Sources 
                        of Finance | The Capital 
                        Market | The Role of the 
                        Public Sector | Infrastructural 
                        Support | Public Utilities 
                        | Government Incentives 
                        and Financial Assistance | Foreign 
                        Trade and Balance of Payments | Conclusion 

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